Brussel Sprout Gardening


Brussels sprouts are a unique addition to your garden because they are frost-tolerant and very nutritional. They are often referred to as “mini cabbages” due to their similar size and shape, and they have many of the same nutritional benefits as cabbage, such as high amounts of vitamins A, E, and K. Brussels sprouts are also an excellent source of fiber and potassium. They can be harvested throughout the growing season for a continuous supply of veggies for weeks or months. Another great thing about these convenient little veggies is that you can enjoy them cooked or raw for maximum flavor!

Environmental and Nutritional Benefits

Growing Brussels Sprouts in your garden can be an incredibly rewarding experience. Not only do they offer an abundance of health benefits, but there are also environmental and nutritional benefits. With the health benefits of this vegetable being well documented, growing Brussels Sprouts in your own garden is sure to bring you a rewarding harvest.

The environmental benefits of growing Brussels Sprouts include reducing the amount of energy and resources that go into getting them from farm to table. By growing the sprouts yourself, you’re helping conserve these resources and reduce carbon emissions needed to put them on supermarket shelves. Additionally, you’ll be using fewer pesticides than conventional farming methods which helps protect local wildlife and their habitats.

Nutritionally speaking, fresh Brussels Sprouts from your own garden offer superior nutrition compared to store-bought ones which have traveled hundreds of miles before reaching your plate. Home-grown sprouts are full of vitamins C, K, A and B1 as well as other essential minerals like manganese and iron making them a great choice for adding valuable vitamins and minerals to any diet. Furthermore, studies have shown that home-grown sprouts have higher levels of certain antioxidants than store-bought varieties making them even more beneficial for overall health.

Preparing your Garden

Preparing your garden for Brussels Sprouts is an important step in ensuring a successful harvest. Quality soil is critical; Brussels Sprouts flourish best in well-drained, sandy loam that is rich in organic matter. The pH should be around 6.0 – 6.8, and there should be adequate nitrogen levels to promote lush growth.

Before planting, ensure the area has plenty of sun throughout the day; Brussels Sprouts need at least six hours of direct sunlight to reach their full potential. Thin out competition from weeds and grass, as these plants can steal nutrients from your precious crops. Spread an inch of compost before planting, as this will help with moisture control and add nutrients as it breaks down over time.

Finally, water regularly for strong, deep root systems; without an adequate water supply your Brussels Sprouts will suffer stunted growth or fail to produce edible sprouts altogether! By following these simple steps you can set up the perfect environment for your Brussels sprouts to thrive!

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Planting & Spacing

Brussels Sprouts are relatively easy to grow in home vegetable gardens. Planting should occur in the early spring following the last frost and then again in late summer. In order to get the most out of your Brussels Sprouts crop, proper spacing is important. For maximum yield, Brussels Sprouts should be spaced 12-18” apart to allow for full root development, increased airflow, and healthy foliage growth. When planting multiple rows of Brussels sprouts, space each row about 24-36” apart. This will minimize competition for light, water, and other resources among plants within the same row. Handle seedlings gently as you transplant them into soil beds; Brussels Sprouts can have shallow roots; avoid damaging these as much as possible! Once transplanted, provide adequate mulch around the plant to conserve moisture and reduce weeds.

Caring for Your Brussels Sprouts

Watering Your Brussels Sprouts is Essential
Brussels sprouts need consistent watering in order to grow properly. During the growing season, water your plants deeply and regularly, making sure there is a one inch layer of moisture at all times. In addition to this, during long droughts or over the summer months when temperatures soar, you should increase your watering frequency. Always check the soil moisture before deciding whether or not to water, so that you don’t overwater your plants.

Fertilizing Your Brussels Sprouts
To give your Brussels sprouts the nourishment they need, it’s important to feed them every few weeks with compost-enriched fertilizer. This will add essential amounts of nitrogen and potassium and other vital nutrients to help increase yields. Additionally, use mulch around the base of your plant to keep the soil moist and reduce weeds. This can also provide vital nutrition when added as a top dressing throughout the growing season – making sure it never touches any of foliage directly.

Pests & Diseases

Common pests that can affect Brussels Sprouts include caterpillars, slugs, aphids, flea beetles, and blackfly. Signs of pest damage are holes in the leaves and a weakened plant. To treat these issues, one strategy is to pick off any insects that are present and discard them. Neem oil can also be used as an insecticidal spray to kill pests on contact and give some residual protection. Slugs can also cause significant damage to plants and it can be difficult to eradicate them as they have a large reproductive potential. Methods of control include hand picking them off at night or deploying organic traps such as beer or coffee grounds.

Common diseases that effect Brussels Sprouts include club root, white rust, powdery mildew, downy mildew and fusarium yellows. Club root is caused by soil-borne fungi that enters through roots of seedlings or existing plants preventing water absorption. There is no effective chemical cure for this disease but crop rotation should be practiced every four years with non brassica crops such as maize. Brown lesions on the leaves are characteristic of white rust which can spread quickly when the right conditions occur; wet humid conditions in spring/summer will promote its spread. Chemical control isn’t available but good air flow around plants can help reduce humidity and crop rotation practices should be employed when dealing with this disease too.

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Harvesting & Storage

When your Brussels sprouts are ready to harvest for eating, you will easily spot that the tight, firm heads are about an inch in diameter. You also need to make sure to pick Brussels sprouts off before the beginning of winter frosts, or else they won’t have their full flavor. To ensure that all of your sprouts get harvested, you can start picking them from the bottom up.

Once you have harvested your sprouts, there are several ways to store them. One is by blanching and freezing the sprouts. Blanching involves briefly cooking the Brussels sprouts in boiling water and then cooling them quickly in ice water; this process helps preserve color and texture while freezing. Once cooled put them into a freezer bag and place them into the freezer until ready to use. Another way of storing Brussels sprouts is by allowing them to air dry on a drying rack placed in a cool and dry location (e.g., basement). After drying store them away in an airtight container at room temperature for around 5-6 months before they begin to lose quality. If dried correctly, Brussels sprouts can be used as an ingredient for soups and stews.


Successfully gardening Brussels Sprouts requires a few key steps and tips. Begin by choosing an ideal location for your garden bed – one that will get plenty of sun but also some partial shade throughout the day, as these factors can influence your soil’s water-holding capacity. Additionally, ensure that your soil is loose, well-draining, and rich in organic matter before planting out your seeds or seedlings at the recommended spacing and depth. Early on, make sure to add a natural fertilizer of compost to provide essential nutrients and to build up organic matter levels in your soil. As the sprouts start to form, protect them from birds with netting if necessary and mulch around them to help retain moisture. Finally, give each stalk at least one inch of water per week. Following all of these tips may help you achieve a successful Brussels Sprouts harvest!

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